14 March 1859 – 26 January 1939
The archetypal pistillate doc successful Mexico
Jimlop postulation / Alamy
By Karina Shah
Matilde Montoya was the archetypal pistillate to practise medicine successful Mexico, earning a doctorate successful 1887 and specialising successful country and obstetrics. Montoya’s bequest inspired the constitution of amended acquisition opportunities for women successful Mexico.
Born successful Mexico City successful 1859, Montoya was encouraged to survey from a young property by her mother, Soledad Lafragua. She completed her ceremonial acquisition by the property of 12 and earned a grade to go a midwife by 16, spending the adjacent 2 years practising her assemblage successful the metropolis of Puebla, cardinal Mexico.
While enjoying a palmy vocation arsenic a midwife, Montoya received abuse from doctors who orchestrated a hatred run against her successful section newspapers. Despite the absorption she encountered, she applied to the National School of Medicine successful Mexico City. Although she was rejected connected her archetypal application, she was yet accepted successful 1882 by the institution’s principal, Francisco Ortega.
Her acceptance was met with hostility from the university, with immoderate surgeons and different students attempting to footwear her retired connected the grounds that lone antheral students were allowed. These objections led to her removal from the school, and she was forbidden from continuing her studies to go a surgeon.
Taking matters into her ain hands, Montoya wrote a missive to the president of Mexico, Porfirio Díaz, requesting that she beryllium reinstated astatine the assemblage and allowed to instrumentality her examinations. Díaz, an advocator for middle- and upper-class women’s rights to education, instructed authorities astatine the assemblage to let her to proceed her studies.
Montoya graduated from aesculapian schoolhouse successful 1887, becoming the archetypal pistillate doc successful Mexico. Her graduation ceremonial was personally attended by Díaz and his woman to congratulate her connected her success.
Throughout her aesculapian career, adjacent aft graduation, she received maltreatment from different aesculapian professionals who criticised her credentials. Despite this, Montoya had a long, fruitful vocation successful gynaecology, obstetrics and paediatrics.
Montoya continued to advocator for adjacent entree to acquisition for women, co-founding the Mexican Association of Female Doctors successful 1925. She forged a way for hundreds of Mexican women that followed successful her footsteps to prosecute a vocation successful medicine, contempt the tract being dominated by men astatine the time. Now, women correspond astir 70 per cent of the planetary healthcare workforce.
Her achievements contributed to the feminist question successful Mexico successful the aboriginal 1900s, which continued aft her decease connected 26 January 1939, astatine the property of 79.
On 14 March 2019, she was honored with a Google Doodle, connected what would person been her 160th birthday.
Full name: Matilde Petra Montoya Lafragua
Born: 14 March 1859, Mexico City
Died: 26 January 1939 (aged 79), Mexico City
The archetypal pistillate to go a doc successful Mexico, Montoya inspired changes to attitudes towards women moving successful the tract of medicine successful the 19th century.